神農嚐百草的傳説

有一天,神農在採集奇花野草時,嘗到一種草葉,使他口幹舌麻,頭暈目眩,於是他放下草藥袋,背靠一棵大樹斜躺休息。一陣風過,似乎聞到有一種清鮮香氣,但不知這清香從何而來。擡頭一看,只見樹上有幾片葉子冉冉落下,這葉子綠油油的,心中好奇,遂信手拾起一片放入口中慢慢咀嚼,感到味雖苦澀,但有清香回甘之味,索性嚼而食之。食後更覺氣味清香,舌底生律,精神振奮,且頭暈目眩減輕,口幹舌麻漸消,好生奇怪。於是再拾幾片葉子細看,其葉形、葉脈、葉緣均與一般樹木不同,因而又采了些芽葉、花果而歸。以後,神農將這種樹定名爲"茶",這就是茶的最早發現。此後茶樹漸被發掘、採集和引種,被人們用作藥物,供作祭品,當作菜食和飲料。


二是說天神所賜,神農發現。當時神農氏給人治病,不但需要親自爬山越蛤採集草藥,而且還要對這些草藥進行熬煎試服,以親身體會、鑒別藥劑的性能。有一天,神農氏采來了一大包草藥,把它們按已知的性能分成幾堆,就在大樹底下架起鐵鍋,放入溪水,生火煮水。當水燒開時,神農打開鍋蓋,轉身去取草藥時,忽見有幾片樹葉飄落在鍋中,當即又聞到一股清香從鍋中發出,神農好奇地走近細看,只見有幾片葉子飄浮水面,水中湯色漸呈黃綠,並有清香隨著蒸汽上升而緩緩散發。他用碗舀了點汁水喝,只覺昧帶苦澀,清香撲鼻,喝後回味香醇甘甜,而且嘴不渴了,人不累了,頭腦也更清醒了,不覺大喜。於是從鍋中撈起葉子細加觀察,似乎鍋邊沒有此樹,心想:"一定是天神念我年邁心善。采藥治病之苦,賜我玉葉以濟衆生"。自此,一邊繼續研究這種葉子的藥效,一邊涉足群山尋找此種樹葉。


一天,神農終於在不遠的山幼裏發現了幾棵野生大茶樹,其葉子和落入鍋中的葉片一模一樣,熬煮汁水黃綠,飲之其味也同,神農大喜,遂定名爲"茶",並取其葉熬煎試服,發現確有解渴生津、提神醒腦、利尿解毒等作用。因此在百草之外,被認爲是一種養生之妙藥。據說,當年神農發現的這種"茶",就是今天被人們稱作茶的樹葉。


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